John Keats, a poet of the romantic era, composed this poem in the spring of 1819. Being a poet of the Romantic era, he was a Nature lover, however as a substitute of taking a glance at Nature as a information or instructor, he was in pursuit of beauty within Nature. The romantic poets emphasized on feelings, they believed within the power of creativeness and experimented with new concepts and concepts. Keats is mostly thought-about the most tragic of the Romantic poets as he was confronted by a series of sad experiences in his life.
The poem was written a few months after the death of the poet’s brother.
Ode to a Nightingale is among the five “spring ode’s ” composed by Keats. He emphasized on sensuousness, that is, his works appealed to all the 5 senses of sight, sound, touch, scent and style. An ode is a lyric, which is lofty in fashion and is normally addressed formally to its subject.
Greek and Roman mythology have been inspiration for his poetry.
Medieval elements and romances and Arthurian legends were included into his poetry. He had the reward of a vivid and picturesque imagination that fills his poetry with an excellent sense of images.
The poet begins by explaining the nature and reason for the unhappiness he is experiencing. This unhappiness is converted into bodily ache and “drowsy numbness”. He feels as if he might need consumed some kind of drug to ease his ache, this resembles the qualities of the Lethe, a river in Hades, the underworld, the place the dead drank and went into complete oblivion and misplaced all senses.
The feeling is a results of the deep awareness of happiness of the nightingale he hears singing; his ensuing pleasure is so intense it has turn into painful.
The nightingale is referred to the “light winged Drayad of the trees”, implying that it is a tree nymph. Dwelling amidst the darkness of the timber in a forest, it sings unconstrained. The poem shows the distinction between the poet, who’s earthbound and the nightingale, which is free and possesses seemingly ethereal qualities. The poet makes use of alliterative sounds produced by the repetition of ‘d’ (‘drowsy’, ‘dull’, ‘drunk’ and ‘drains’), ‘m’ (‘my, ‘dumb’, ‘hemlock and ‘minute’) and ‘p’ (‘pains’, ’emptied’, ‘opiate’, ‘past’).
In the second stanza, Keats longs for some intoxicant, “a draught of vintage”, which can help him to attain a union with the nightingale, permitting him to forget his suffering and despair which will take him out of the mutability of all experiences in the mortal world. To him, a glass of this wine will transport him into that joyous world of the nightingale. He says that this red wine, will encourage him more than the colourless waters of the Hippocrene, which is the fountain of the muses, a supply of poetic inspiration. He desires to be completely absorbed in the bird’s song. He needs to “fade away” with the nightingale, to drown all his sorrows and miseries and forget the unhappiness, the unhappiness that the nightingale has never skilled.
The nightingale, based on the poet has not been tainted by the ‘ weariness’ ‘the fever ‘ and ‘ the fret’ and therefore wouldn’t be accustomed to human suffering or unhappiness. In the road “to think is to be filled with sorrow”, Keats seems to imply that if a being has any perception of itself or its surroundings, then it might certainly be habituated to distress. Keats then goes on to explain another cause of sadness that magnificence is transient and it gradually loses its lustre. He additionally explains that separation is inevitable and one will invariably should be separated from his or her family members. His want to die isn’t because he wanted to be extinct but that he wished to be in a world that’s closed by contentment, that’s, the bird’s world.
Keats decides towards relying on Bacchus, the Greek god of wine and as an alternative hopes to rely on the “viewless wings of Poesy’. This reveals that he still desires to escape from the distress but as an alternative of ingesting he would rather escape via the world of fantasy and creativeness. For him, the outlet to his pent up emotions is poetry. He says that whatever gentle or happiness that penetrates via the thick foliage within the forest, he will bask in its glory and settle for with all humility.
The fifth stanza continues with paradoxical ideas, though the pure great factor about his surroundings is physically denied from him, it is not withheld from his mind’s eye. The “embalmed darkness” signifies that darkness is soothing when one does not wish to be disturbed and needs peace. He says that the vegetation is so thick and he cannot see, however he is nonetheless able to describe the “grass”, “the thicket” and the “fruit-tree wild” as if they were commonly discovered in the materials world. He says that the smell of the flowers was so sweet and so invigorating that the flies were intoxicated by their perfume.
Keats refers to the nightingale as a “darkling ” this signifies the dark and sad feeling represented by the nightingale. The poet realises that the last word type of escape from the troubles of life could be demise. He realises that demise will take away his ache and put and finish to all his tribulations. He calls to death like a lover as he says, “I have been half in love with easeful death”. Death at such a moment, listening to the nightingale pouring forth its soul in ecstasy, can be an final ending to his life. Keats, being a master of paradox, speaks of the pure art of the bird’s song which is associated with the high requiem which signifies mortality and the plaintive anthem is related to mortality.
In stanza seven, he says that although all humans should die, the nightingale is in a way eternal via its music. He says that human life dies, however the magnificence of one thing as particular because the nightingale’s music will reside endlessly. Keats thinks in regards to the classical world of emperors and of Ruth, and considers how the song has been heard for lots of centuries. Keats also talks of “Charm’d magic casements, opening on the foam/ of perilous seas, in faery lands forlorn”. This signifies that the music, a thing of beauty lasts eternally and perhaps possesses the facility of introducing one to a world of fantasy.
With the use of the word “forlorn “, the poet is transported back into the world of reality. The phrase “the fancy cannot cheat so well/ as she is famed to do, deceiving elf” shows that the power of perception and creativeness stimulated by the fowl has cheated him and that it can’t take him away from the world that he is part of. The same music, which instigated him to take his own life, now brings him again to the realm of actuality. The track progressively fades out and is now “buried deep /In the next valley -glades”. Keats is unable to decipher the true world from the illusionary and wonders if the track was a “vision” or a “waking dream”. The monotonous song isn’t a half of his world any longer and he is away from that world of stupor.
The ode to a nightingale based on me is an amalgamation of an try to escape from the sorrows of life and an acceptance of the human situations accompanied by human suffering. It showcases Keats’s path to realisation and his transition past the mundane world which is full of “sorrow / And leaden-eyed despairs” to the paranormal universe of Nature.